The Mars Orbiter Mission in India's first interplanetary mission. It was launched on November 5,2013 from Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh with the powerful Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). The mission was approved by the Indian government in August 2012 and was executed in 15 months at a cost of Rs. 450 crore ($74 million).
India has created global history by becoming the first Asian nation to reach the Mars orbit in a space mission. The success is sweeter because this has been done in its maiden attempt. No other country that has attempted a mission to Mars has succeeded in reaching the planet on debut. So, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) can claim that it has done a shade better than accomplished space powers such as the United States and Russia in reaching Mars. Both Russia and the US failed in their maiden attempts.
With the success of "Mangalyaan", India has become the first country to go to Mars in the very first try. European, American and Russian probes have managed to orbit or land on the planet, but after several attempts.
The first Chinese mission to Mars, called yinghuo1, failed in 2011.
Undoubtedly, India - a late starter - is way ahead of its Asian rivals in trying to get tot the Red Planet.
After successful launch PM Modi said, "India has become the first country to enter Mars orbit on a maiden mission." "History has been created today with India reaching Mars. ISRO has joined an elite group of just three countries to reach Mars." "It was built indigenously, in a pan-Indian effort, stretching from Bangalore to Bhubhaneshwar, and Faridabad to Rajkot."
"Our budget is even lesser than a Hollywood blockbuster. These will go down as landmarks in history,"
In all, the mission has already demonstrated India's ability to perform in deep space; even more so, with orbital insertion of MOM achieved, India became only the fourth nation/space program to reach Mars (behind the former Soviet Union, NASA, and the European Space Agency).
ISRO Chairman Mr.K.Radhakrishnan said that "We are really not racing with anyone, but with ourselves to reach the next level of excellence."
Operator : Indian Space Research Organisation
Mission Type : Mars Orbiter
Launch Date : 5 November, 2013
Launch Site : Satish Dhawan Space Centre (Sriharikota)
Orbital Insertion : 24 September 2014
Courtesy By : Careersphare