Language is the human capability to get as well as utilize intricate systems of communication, and also a language is any sort of certain example of such a system. The clinical research of language is called linguistics. Here below is some the most spoken languages and other useful information related to languages that are spoken all around the world
Chinese (Mandarin) :
Approximate number of speakers : 873,000,000
Chinese has many dialects, but about two-thirds of the people speak Mandarin. Wu is the next most common dialect, with approximately 77 million speakers. At least 30 million people around the world are learning Mandarin Chinese because China is becoming an important economic power.
Approximate number of speakers : 323,000,000
Spanish is one of the most widely used of all languages. It is spoken not only in Spain but also in South America, the west cost of Africa and the USA
Approximate number of speakers : 309,000,000
Far fewer people have English as their main language than Chinese, but millions more know as least some English and it is spoken in every corner of the globe. The USA dominates cinema, television. pop music, technology(Internet) and business and this has increased the importance of the English lanugage. At least 800 million people use the Internet and about 35% of them communicate in English. There are probably more than one billion people worldwide learning English.
Approximate number of speakers : 246,000,000
Arabic is the official language of 17 countries and its is also the language of the Muslim religion. As a result, many millions of Muslims in other countries have some knowledge of the language.
Approximate number of speakers : 181,000,000
Hindustani includes Hindi and Urgu, which are the almost the same language. Hindustani is the official lanugage of Pakistan, where it is written in modified Arabic script and called Urdu. It is also the official language of India, but there it is written in the Devanagari script and called Hindi.
Approximate number of speakers : 177,000,000
Portuguese is spoken as a first language by the people of Portugal and also by many of the inhabitants of Brazil, Angola and other former colonies in Africa and elsewhere. These stretch from the Caribbean to Macau, China.
Approximate number of speakers : 171,000,000
|German (standard) :
Approximate number of speakers : 95,000,000
Approximate number of speakers : 145,000,000
|Chinese (Wu) :
Approximate number of speakers : 77,175,000
| Japanese :
Approximate number of speakers : 122,000,000
Approximate number of speakers : 65,000,000
The Language spoken in most countries
|English : 57 countries||Spanish : 21 countries|
|French : 33 countries||Portuguese : 7 countries|
|Arabic : 23 countries|
There are about 6,912 lving languages but 516 of these are considered almost extinct as they are spoken by a few elderly people.
Braille is a system of raised dots that allows blind people to read by touch. It was invented in the 19th century by a blind Frenchman named Lousi Braille. The dots are embossed on to paper, either by hand or using a machine. They are read by moving the fingers across the top of the dots. The reader uses both hands - the right works out the message while the left feels ahead for the beginning of the next line. A skilled Braille reader can understand up to 150 words a minute, which is about half the speed of a sighted person reading ordinary text. The basic unit of braille is called a cell. It is made up of six dots, which allows for 63 possible combinations to represent letters, numbers and punctuation marks.
You may have heard pilots and soldiers on television and in films using the phonetic alphabet in radio messages. The alphabet is used to spell out parts of a message that might be difficult to recognize in unclear radio transmissions. The version generally used was developed in the 1950s. It is knows as the NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) Phonetic Alphabet and was designed to be understood and easily pronounced by all Nato members. They chose words that were used in lots of different languages and could not be confused with other common words or those used for another letter. Aricraft and ship crews also used the phonetic alphabet.
for example, in the phonetic alphabet "over and out" becomes "Oscar Victor Echo Romeo Alpha November Delta Oscar Uniform Tango".
|A - Alpha
B - Bravo
C - Charlie
D - Delta
E - Echo
F - Foxtrot
G - Golf
|H - Hotel
I - India
J - Juliet
K - Kilo
L - Lima
M - Mike
N - November
|O - Oscar
P - Papa
Q - Quebec
R - Romeo
S - Sierra
T - Tango
U - Uniform
|V - Victor
W - Whiskey
X - X-ray
Y - Yankee
Z - Zulu